Philippine corruption hinders aid efforts
The government of President Benigno Aquino III is promising full transparency in reconstruction spending in areas devastated by Typhoon Haiyan, known in the Philippines as Yolanda.
It announced on Monday that it has established a website called the Foreign Aid Transparency Hub where funds given by foreign donors can be tracked.
“There’s an urgent call now for us to monitor the movement of foreign aid funds for Yolanda so they will go exactly where they’re supposed to – to the survivors of the typhoon,” Undersecretary of Budget and Management and Chief Information Officer Richard Moya said in a statement.
More than $US270 million ($A288.65 million) in foreign aid has been donated to help the victims of the November 8 typhoon, which killed at least 3976 people and left nearly 1600 missing, according to government figures updated on Monday.
More than 4 million people have been displaced and need food, shelter and water.
The typhoon also wrecked livelihoods on a massive scale, destroying crops, livestock, coconut plantations and fishing boats.
Several battered communities appeared to be shifting from survival mode to one of early recovery on Monday.
Markets were reopening, though with very limited wares.
Some petrol stations were pumping and residents were repairing damaged homes or making temporary shelters out of the remains of their old ones.
“The darkest night is over but it’s not yet 100 per cent,” regional military commander Lieutenant General Roy Deveraturda said.
On Sunday, Aquino toured the disaster area and promised to step up aid deliveries.
Aquino said he was happy to see typhoon-battered areas slowly rising from the devastation.
The aid effort remained daunting, he said, adding that the government is feeding about 1.4 million people a day.
“One is tempted to despair,” Aquino told reporters in Alangalang town in Leyte province, where he met with officials and survivors.
“But the minute I despair, then everybody gets hampered in the efforts to get up.”
Presidential spokesman Ricky Carandang said Aquino would stay for a second night in Tacloban city and visit more typhoon-battered towns on Tuesday.
In one sign of how much work is ahead, Energy Secretary Jericho Petilla pledged to restore power in all typhoon-battered regions by December 24, a job that will require erecting about 160 giant power transmission towers and thousands of electrical posts toppled by the typhoon.
Petilla said he will resign if he fails.
“It’s difficult to celebrate Christmas without light,” he said.
The government wants to show that it will be more responsible than previous administrations were following other natural disasters, when funds intended for reconstruction were allegedly siphoned off.
Prosecutors are investigating allegations that $US20.7 million in government funds for rebuilding towns devastated by a 2009 storm in northern Luzon island were stolen by local officials via bogus nongovernmental agencies.
On November 7, a day before Typhoon Haiyan hit, Filipinos were glued to their television screens, watching Senate testimony in which Janet Lim Napoles denied allegations that she masterminded a plot to plunder millions of dollars of government funds intended for projects to relieve poverty.
It is far too soon to say how much aid intended for victims of last week’s Typhoon Haiyan might end up in the wrong hands.
Foreign donors demand strict anti-graft measures in projects they fund, but privately admit that “leakage” of funds is sometimes inevitable.
Much of the assistance in the early phase of a disaster response is in the form of food, water and other supplies.
Far richer opportunities for graft occur later when rebuilding occurs and contracts are up for grabs.
The typhoon has come at a time when some feel the Philippines might finally be cracking down on corruption.
In its latest global corruption report, Transparency International found the Philippines was just one of 11 countries in which people said they were noticing an improvement in corruption levels.